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Seattle-Denver Center of Innovation (COIN)

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COIN Investigators & Staff

COIN Investigators

 

Emily C. Williams, PhD, MPH
Title: PhD Fellowship Co-Director, Seattle
Professor, Health Services, University of Washington
Contact: emwilli@uw.edu
Location: Seattle
University of Washington webpage

Research Interests

See Dr. Williams' Dimensions profile that includes: publications, grants, datasets, patents and clinical trials

Dr. Williams is an addictions health services and disparities researcher and an implementation scientist. She has a joint appointment as a core investigator and co-director of the post-doctoral fellowship at the Denver-Seattle Center of Innovation for Veteran-Centered Value-Driven Care at VA Puget Sound Health Services Research & Development and an Professor of Health Services and Director of the Doctoral Program in Health Services at the University of Washington.

Her work is focused on increasing access to evidence-based treatments for unhealthy alcohol and other substance use in primary care settings, as well as specialty settings serving patients with HIV and Hepatitis-C, and understanding equity in this care for vulnerable patient populations. Dr. Williams completed a VA HSR&D Career Development Award. Her work has included epidemiologic evaluations of alcohol screening questionnaires; descriptions of, and outcomes associated with, patient readiness to change drinking; evaluations of racial, gender, and geographic disparities in the correlates and management of unhealthy alcohol use in the VA; and mixed-methods evaluations of the VA’s implementation of alcohol screening and brief intervention—an accomplishment for which the VA has been recognized as an international leader. She currently leads research focused on understanding patterns of alcohol use and care across transgender status, tailoring and testing practice facilitation to implement evidence-based alcohol-related care in hepatology clinics, and increasing access to medications for opioid use disorders in primary care.

Dr. Williams has authored over 100 peer-reviewed publications and has served as an Associate Editor for Addiction Science & Clinical Practice since its inception as an open access journal in 2012. She serves on the board of the NIDA-funded NYU Substance Abuse Research, Education, and Treatment training program and on the Addictions Health Services Research Conference planning committee. She completed undergraduate training in political science at Lewis & Clark College, a master’s degree in public health law at Boston University, a PhD in Health Services from the University of Washington, and a fellowship with the Implementation Research Institute at Washington University.

The following images visualize Dr. Williams' work. The word cloud is drawn from publication titles. The research collaboration map shows research relationships (click the image to enlarge):

Dr. Williams' publication titles indicate his primary work is substance use
Word cloud from pub titles
Dr. Williams' collaborations are primarily from the University of Washington
Research collaboration map
The following research fields have been used to summarize Dr. Williams' publications and grants.
Publications Grants
Clinical Research Health Services
Substance Use Clinical Research
Alcoholism, Alcohol Use and Health Alcoholism, Alcohol Use and Health
Behavioral and Social Science Substance Abuse
Prevention Brain Disorders
Health Services Infectious Diseases
Brain Disorders Prevention
HIV/AIDS Digestive Diseases
Infectious Diseases Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis
Screening And Brief Intervention For Substance Abuse Mental Health

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Current Grants & Funding

Informing and promoting Shared decision making for HIV Prevention and Alcohol Reduction: Engaging Diverse Veterans to Refine and Pilot a Decision Aid (SHARE Study)

Optimizing pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) access is crucial for ending the HIV epidemic, particularly among marginalized populations. However, unhealthy alcohol use is a central modifiable risk factor for HIV incidence. Few HIV prevention interventions exist that synergistically address both.
Research is needed to understand PrEP uptake among individuals with unhealthy alcohol use and to develop scalable patient-centered interventions that synergistically address harmful alcohol use and HIV.
The proposed sequential mixed methods study will use a co-design methodology guided by a Community Advisory Board in the nation’s largest provider of both HIV and alcohol-related care to examine PrEP initiation and persistence among patients with unhealthy alcohol use, including those from marginalized subgroups and tailor and pilot a decision aid to foster shared decision-making to enhance uptake of PrEP concomitantly with the provision of evidence-based alcohol-related care.
Funder: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
NIH website

Applying Critical Race Theory to investigate the impact of COVID-19-related policy changes on racial/ethnic disparities in medication treatment for opioid use disorder

Role: Co-PI with Jessica Chen
With the rise in opioid use disorder (OUD) and overdose, racialized disparities in buprenorphine access and use are a significant concern nationally. Studies estimate that Black patients with OUD are 50-60% less likely to access buprenorphine than White patients, and similar disparities exist for Hispanic/Latinx patients.
COVID-19-related policy changes increased flexibility in providing buprenorphine and other effective medications for OUD over telehealth. They presented an unprecedented opportunity to examine the impacts of a structural intervention—relaxed MOUD restrictions—on disparities that result from structural racism and discrimination (SRD).
The proposed study, guided by Public Health Critical Race Praxis, will use data from the nation's largest provider of substance use care and quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the impact of these policy changes on racialized disparities for Black and Hispanic/Latinx patients to inform future policy and interventions to improve equitable care for OUD.
Funder: National Institute on Drug Abuse
NIH website

Evaluating Practice Facilitation to Optimize Alcohol-Related Care and HCV Treatment Outcomes in HCV Treatment Settings

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is among the most common chronic viral infections in the United States. It has surpassed all other infectious diseases as a cause of death. Unhealthy alcohol use is dangerous but common among patients with HCV. VA has increased access to treatment for HCV patients, including requiring all patients with HCV to be considered for HCV treatment regardless of alcohol use.
Yet heavy alcohol use could impact adherence, response, and subsequent liver outcomes. Offering evidence-based care for unhealthy alcohol use concurrent with HCV treatment provides an opportunity for those affected.
This study will tailor and test a practice facilitation implementation intervention to increase access to evidence-based alcohol-related care during HCV treatment. If effective, this intervention can potentially optimize Veterans’ health by reversing the devastating impact of alcohol use on HCV outcomes. It will lay a foundation for clinicians in liver clinics to address alcohol use among patients with other chronic liver conditions adversely impacted by alcohol use.
Funder: Veterans Affairs
NIH website

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Recent Publications

 

2024

Hawkins EJ, Malte CA, Hagedorn HJ, Gordon AJ, Williams EC, Trim RS, Blanchard BE, Lott A, Danner AN, Saxon AJ. Buprenorphine Receipt and Retention for Opioid Use Disorder following an Initiative to Increase Access in Primary Care. J Addict Med. 2024 Feb 8. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000001275. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 38329814.
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Hallgren KA, Matson TE, Oliver M, Wang X, Williams EC, Bradley KA. Test-retest reliability of DSM-5 substance use symptom checklists used in primary care and mental health care settings. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2024 Jan 24;256:111108. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2024.111108. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 38295510.
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Javier SJ, Carey EP, Gunzburger E, Chen HP, Zeliadt SB, Williams EC, Chen JA. Pain Care Disparities and the Use of Virtual Care Among Racial-Ethnic Minority Groups During COVID-19. J Gen Intern Med. 2024 Jan 22. doi: 10.1007/s11606-023-08473-0. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 38252245.
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Soyer EM, Frost MC, Fletcher OV, Ioannou GN, Tsui JI, Edelman EJ, Weiner BJ, Bachrach RL, Chen JA, Williams EC. Perspectives of clinical stakeholders and patients from four VA liver clinics to tailor practice facilitation for implementing evidence-based alcohol-related care. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2024 Jan 10;19(1):3. doi: 10.1186/s13722-023-00429-3. PMCID: PMC10782537.
PMID: 38200496
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2023

Tsui JI, Gojic AJ, Pierce KA, Tung EL, Connolly NC, Radick AC, Hunt RR, Sandvold R, Taber K, Ninburg M, Kubiniec RH, Scott JD, Hansen RN, Stekler JD, Austin EJ, Williams EC, Glick SN. Pilot study of a community pharmacist led program to treat hepatitis C virus among people who inject drugs. Drug Alcohol Depend Rep. 2023 Dec 23;10:100213. doi: 10.1016/j.dadr.2023.100213. PMCID: PMC10796962.
PMID: 38261893
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Williams EC, Frost MC, Lodi S, Forman LS, Lira MC, Tsui JI, Lunze K, Kim T, Liebschutz JM, Rio CD, Samet JH. Influence of patient trust in provider and health literacy on receipt of guideline-concordant chronic opioid therapy in HIV care settings. J Opioid Manag. 2023 Sep-Oct;19(5):385-393. doi: 10.5055/jom.0812.
PMID: 37968972
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Fortney JC, Ratzliff AD, Blanchard BE, Johnson M, Ferro L, Austin EJ, Williams EC, Duncan MH, Merrill JO, Thomas J, Kitay B, Schoenbaum M, Heagerty PJ, Saxon AJ. Does Screening for Opioid Use Disorder in Primary Care Increase the Percentage of Patients With a New Diagnosis? Ann Intern Med. 2023 Oct;176(10):1431-1433. doi: 10.7326/M23-1369.
PMID: 37844317
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Frost MC, Malte CA, Hawkins EJ, Glass JE, Hallgren KA, Williams EC. Impact of an intervention to implement provision of opioid use disorder medication among patients with and without co-occurring substance use disorders. J Subst Use Addict Treat. 2023 Sep 24:209175. doi: 10.1016/j.josat.2023.209175. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 37751798
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Edelman EJ, Rojas-Perez OF, Nich C, Corvino J, Frankforter T, Gordon D, Jordan A, Paris M Jr, Weimer MB, Yates BT, Williams EC, Kiluk BD. Promoting alcohol treatment engagement post-hospitalization with brief intervention, medications and CBT4CBT: protocol for a randomized clinical trial in a diverse patient population. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2023 Sep 19;18(1):55. doi: 10.1186/s13722-023-00407-9. PMCID: PMC10510167.
PMID: 37726823
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Bossick AS, Williams EC, Painter I, Katon JG. Association of Reproductive Autonomy and Rates of State-Level Racialized Disparities in Preterm Birth and Low Birthweight. Health Equity. 2023 Sep 13;7(1):497-505. doi: 10.1089/heq.2023.0060. PMCID: PMC10507940.
PMID: 37731780
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Austin EJ, O'Brien QE, Ruiz MS, Ratzliff AD, Williams EC, Koch U. Patient and Provider Perspectives on Processes of Engagement in Outpatient Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder: A Scoping Review. Community Ment Health J. 2023 Sep 5. doi: 10.1007/s10597-023-01175-1. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 37668745
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Matson TE, Williams EC, Lapham GT, Oliver M, Hallgren KA, Bradley KA. Association between cannabis use disorder symptom severity and probability of clinically-documented diagnosis and treatment in a primary care sample. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2023 Aug 23;251:110946. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2023.110946. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 37688980
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Austin EJ, Chen J, Briggs ES, Ferro L, Barry P, Heald A, Merrill JO, Curran GM, Saxon AJ, Fortney JC, Ratzliff AD, Williams EC. Integrating Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Into Primary Care Settings. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Aug 1;6(8):e2328627. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.28627. PMCID: PMC10422185.
PMID: 37566414
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Jia-Richards M, Williams EC, Rosland AM, Boudreaux-Kelly MY, Luther JF, Mikolic J, Chinman MJ, Daniels K, Bachrach RL. Unhealthy alcohol use and brief intervention rates among high and low complexity veterans seeking primary care services in the Veterans Health Administration. J Subst Use Addict Treat. 2023 Jun 22:209117. doi: 10.1016/j.josat.2023.209117. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 37355154
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Matson TE, Hallgren KA, Lapham GT, Oliver M, Wang X, Williams EC, Bradley KA. Psychometric Performance of a Substance Use Symptom Checklist to Help Clinicians Assess Substance Use Disorder in Primary Care. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 May 1;6(5):e2316283. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.16283. PMCID: PMC10220521.
PMID: 37234003
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Frost MC, Soyer EM, Achtmeyer CE, Hawkins EJ, Glass JE, Hallgren KA, Williams EC. Treating opioid use disorder in veterans with co-occurring substance use: a qualitative study with buprenorphine providers in primary care, mental health, and pain settings. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2023 May 4;18(1):26. doi: 10.1186/s13722-023-00382-1. PMCID: PMC10157128.
PMID: 37143162
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Bossick AS, Painter I, Williams EC, Katon JG. Development of a Composite Risk Index of Reproductive Autonomy Using State Laws: Association With Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes. Womens Health Issues. 2023 Apr 27:S1049-3867(23)00075-0. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2023.03.008. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 37120364
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Shahrir S, Crothers K, McGinnis KA, Chan KCG, Baeten JM, Wilson SM, Butt AA, Pisani MA, Baldassarri SR, Justice A, Williams EC. Receipt of Smoking Cessation Medications Among People With and Without Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (2003-2018). Open Forum Infect Dis. 2023 Feb 20;10(3):ofad089. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofad089. PMCID: PMC10034589.
PMID: 36968969
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Ochoa-Allemant P, Tate JP, Williams EC, Gordon KS, Marconi VC, Bensley KMK, Rentsch CT, Wang KH, Taddei TH, Justice AC; VA Family of EHR Cohorts (VACo Family). Enhanced Identification of Hispanic Ethnicity Using Clinical Data: A Study in the Largest Integrated United States Health Care System. Med Care. 2023 Apr 1;61(4):200-205. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001824. Epub 2023 Feb 3. PMID: 36893404.
PMID: 36862502
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Lott AM, Danner AN, Malte CA, Williams EC, Gordon AJ, Halvorson MA, Saxon AJ, Hagedorn HJ, Sayre GG, Hawkins EJ. Clinician Perspectives on Delivering Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Evaluation. J Addict Med. 2023 Mar 2. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000001156. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 37579107
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Lee AK, Bobb JF, Richards JE, Achtmeyer CE, Ludman E, Oliver M, Caldeiro RM, Parrish R, Lozano PM, Lapham GT, Williams EC, Glass JE, Bradley KA. Integrating Alcohol-Related Prevention and Treatment Into Primary Care: A Cluster Randomized Implementation Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2023 Feb 27. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2022.7083. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 36848119
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Zalla LC, Cole SR, Eron JJ, Adimora AA, Vines AI, Althoff KN, Silverberg MJ, Horberg MA, Marconi VC, Coburn SB, Lang R, Williams EC, Gill MJ, Gebo KA, Klein M, Sterling TR, Rebeiro PF, Mayor AM, Moore RD, Edwards JK. Association of Race and Ethnicity With Initial Prescription of Antiretroviral Therapy Among People With HIV in the US. JAMA. 2023 Jan 3;329(1):52-62. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.23617.
PMID: 36594946
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2022

 

Austin EJ, Gojic AJ, Bhatraju EP, Pierce KA, Pickering EI, Tung EL, Scott JD, Hansen RN, Glick SN, Stekler JD, Connolly NC, Villafuerte S, McPadden M, Deutsch S, Ninburg M, Kubiniec R, Williams EC, Tsui JI. Barriers and facilitators to implementing a Pharmacist, Physician, and Patient Navigator-Collaborative Care Model (PPP-CCM) to treat hepatitis C among people who inject drugs. Int J Drug Policy. 2022 Dec 13;111:103924. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2022.103924. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 36521197
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Haque LY, Fiellin DA, Tate JP, Esserman D, Bhattacharya D, Butt AA, Crystal S, Edelman EJ, Gordon AJ, Lim JK, Tetrault JM, Williams EC, Bryant K, Cartwright EJ, Rentsch CT, Justice AC, Lo Re V 3rd, McGinnis KA. Association Between Alcohol Use Disorder and Receipt of Direct-Acting Antiviral Hepatitis C Virus Treatment. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Dec 1;5(12):e2246604. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.46604.
PMID: 36515952
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Edmonds AT, Rhew IC, Jones-Smith J, Chan KCG, De Castro AB, Rubinsky AD, Blosnich JR, Williams EC. Neighborhood Disadvantage, Patterns of Unhealthy Alcohol Use, and Differential Associations by Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Rurality: A Study of Veterans Health Administration Patients. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2022 Nov;83(6):867-878.
PMID: 36484584
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Matson TE, Lapham GT, Bobb JF, Oliver M, Hallgren KA, Williams EC, Bradley KA. Validity of the Single-Item Screen-Cannabis (SIS-C) for Cannabis Use Disorder Screening in Routine Care. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Nov 1;5(11):e2239772. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.39772.
PMID: 36318205
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Barry MP, Austin EJ, Bhatraju EP, Glick SN, Stekler JD, Tung EL, Hansen RN, Williams EC, Gojic AJ, Pickering EI, Tsui JI. Qualitative inquiry into perceptions of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among people who inject drugs living with hepatitis C in Seattle, WA, USA. Harm Reduct J. 2022 Nov 1;19(1):121. doi: 10.1186/s12954-022-00706-5. PMCID: PMC9628120.
PMID: 36320005
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Frost MC, Hawkins EJ, Glass JE, Hallgren KA, Williams EC. Associations Between Distinct Co-occurring Substance Use Disorders and Receipt of Medications for Opioid Use Disorder in the Veterans Health Administration. J Addict Med. 2022 Oct 18. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000001095. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 36255116
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Davy-Mendez T, Sarovar V, Levine-Hall T, Lea AN, Sterling SA, Chi FW, Palzes VA, Luu MN, Flamm JA, Hare CB, Williams EC, Bryant KJ, Weisner CM, Silverberg MJ, Satre DD. Characterizing Unhealthy Alcohol Use Patterns and Their Association with Alcohol Use Reduction and Alcohol Use Disorder During Follow-Up in HIV Care. AIDS Behav. 2022 Sep 28. doi: 10.1007/s10461-022-03873-5. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 36169779
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Austin EJ, Corcorran MA, Briggs ES, Frost MC, Behrends CN, Juarez AM, Frank ND, Healy E, Prohaska SM, LaKosky PA, Kapadia SN, Perlman DC, Schackman BR, Jarlais DCD, Williams EC, Glick SN. Barriers to engaging people who use drugs in harm reduction services during the COVID-19 pandemic: A mixed methods study of syringe services program perspectives. Int J Drug Policy. 2022 Aug 10;109:103825. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2022.103825. Epub ahead of print. PMCID: PMC9364718.
PMID: 35977459
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Corcorran MA, Austin EJ, Behrends CN, Briggs ES, Frost MC, Juarez AM, Frank ND, Healy E, Prohaska SM, LaKosky PA, Kapadia SN, Perlman DC, Schackman BR, Des Jarlais DC, Williams EC, Glick SN. Syringe Service Program Perspectives on Barriers, Readiness, and Programmatic Needs to Support Rollout of the COVID-19 Vaccine. J Addict Med. 2022 Aug 2. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000001036. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35916422
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Frost MC, Austin EJ, Corcorran MA, Briggs ES, Behrends CN, Juarez AM, Frank ND, Healy E, Prohaska SM, LaKosky PA, Kapadia SN, Perlman DC, Schackman BR, Des Jarlais DC, Williams EC, Glick SN. Responding to a surge in overdose deaths: perspectives from US syringe services programs. Harm Reduct J. 2022 Jul 19;19(1):79. doi: 10.1186/s12954-022-00664-y. PMCID: PMC9295104.
PMID: 35854351
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Fletcher OV, Chen JA, van Draanen J, Frost MC, Rubinsky AD, Blosnich JR, Williams EC. Prevalence of social and economic stressors among transgender veterans with alcohol and other drug use disorders. SSM Popul Health. 2022 Jun 28;19:101153. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2022.101153. PMCID: PMC9260617.
PMID: 35813187
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Williams EC, Fletcher OV, Frost MC, Harris AHS, Washington DL, Hoggatt KJ. Comparison of Substance Use Disorder Diagnosis Rates From Electronic Health Record Data With Substance Use Disorder Prevalence Rates Reported in Surveys Across Sociodemographic Groups in the Veterans Health Administration. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Jun 1;5(6):e2219651. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.19651.
PMID: 35771574
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Munson SA, Friedman EC, Osterhage K, Allred R, Pullmann MD, Areán PA, Lyon AR; UW ALACRITY Center Researchers. Usability Issues in Evidence-Based Psychosocial Interventions and Implementation Strategies: Cross-project Analysis. J Med Internet Res. 2022 Jun 14;24(6):e37585. doi: 10.2196/37585.
PMID: 35700016
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Kim TW, Samet JH, Lodi S, Kimmel SD, Forman LS, Lira MC, Liebschutz JM, Williams EC, Walley AY. Functional Impairment and Cognitive Symptoms Among People with HIV Infection on Chronic Opioid Therapy for Pain: The Impact of Gabapentin and Other Sedating Medications. AIDS Behav. 2022 Jun 23. doi: 10.1007/s10461-022-03716-3. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35737281
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Frost MC, Richards JE, Blosnich JR, Hawkins EJ, Tsui JI, Edelman EJ, Williams EC. Association between clinically recognized suicidality and subsequent initiation or continuation of medications for opioid use disorder. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2022 Jun 3;237:109521. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2022.109521. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35716644
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Lynch KE, Livingston NA, Gatsby E, Shipherd JC, DuVall SL, Williams EC. Alcohol-attributable deaths and years of potential life lost due to alcohol among veterans: Overall and between persons with minoritized and non-minoritized sexual orientations. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2022 Jun 10;237:109534. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2022.109534. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35717789
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Matson TE, Harris AHS, Chen JA, Edmonds AT, Frost MC, Rubinsky AD, Blosnich JR, Williams EC. Influence of a national transgender health care directive on receipt of alcohol-related care among transgender Veteran Health Administration patients with unhealthy alcohol use. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2022 May 24:108808. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2022.108808. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35715286
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Frost MC, Matson TE, Richards JE, Lee AK, Achtmeyer CE, Bradley KA, Williams EC. Barriers and facilitators to changing drinking and receiving alcohol-related care: Interviews with Veterans Health Administration primary care patients who indicated interest but did not enroll in an alcohol care management intervention trial. Subst Abus. 2022;43(1):1197-1206. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2022.2074602.
PMID: 35657656
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Torres VN, Williams EC, Ceballos RM, Donovan DM, Ornelas IJ. Discrimination, acculturative stress, alcohol use and their associations with alcohol-related consequences among Latino immigrant men. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2022 May 28:1-16. doi: 10.1080/15332640.2022.2077273. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35634786
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Austin EJ, Briggs ES, Ferro L, Barry P, Heald A, Curran GM, Saxon AJ, Fortney J, Ratzliff AD, Williams EC. Integrating Routine Screening for Opioid Use Disorder into Primary Care Settings: Experiences from a National Cohort of Clinics. J Gen Intern Med. 2022 May 25:1–9. doi: 10.1007/s11606-022-07675-2. Epub ahead of print. PMCID: PMC9132563.
PMID: 35614169
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Gordon KS, Becker WC, Bryant KJ, Crystal S, Maisto SA, Marshall BDL, McInnes DK, Satre DD, Williams EC, Edelman EJ, Justice AC. Patient-Reported Bothersome Symptoms Attributed to Alcohol Use Among People With and Without HIV. AIDS Behav. 2022 May 13. doi: 10.1007/s10461-022-03628-2. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35553287
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Beckman KL, Williams EC, Hebert P, Hawkins EJ, Littman AJ, Lehavot K. The impact of military sexual trauma and gender on receipt of evidence-based medication treatment among veterans with opioid use disorder. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2022 Mar 18:108775. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2022.108775. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35317959
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Bachrach RL, Chinman M, Rodriguez KL, Mor MK, Kraemer KL, Garfunkel CE, Williams EC. Using practice facilitation to improve alcohol-related care in primary care: a mixed-methods pilot study protocol. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2022 Mar 14;17(1):19. doi: 10.1186/s13722-022-00300-x.
PMID: 35287714
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Oldfield BJ, Li Y, Vickers-Smith R, Barry DT, Crystal S, Gordon KS, Kerns RD, Williams EC, Marshall BDL, Edelman EJ. Longitudinal analysis of the prevalence and correlates of heavy episodic drinking and self-reported opioid use among a national cohort of patients with HIV. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2022 Mar 7. doi: 10.1111/acer.14801. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 35257397
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Edmonds AT, Rhew IC, Jones-Smith J, Chan KCG, Nelson K, Williams EC. Patient-centered primary care and receipt of evidence-based alcohol-related care in the national Veterans Health Administration. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2022 Feb 2:108709. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108709. Epub ahead of print.
doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108709
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Williams EC, Samet JH. Shifts at The Helm: gratitude, re-commitment to our work, and a call for addictions disparities research. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2022 Feb 18;17(1):12. doi: 10.1186/s13722-022-00290-w. PMCID: PMC8855027.
PMID: 35180895
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2021

 

Austin EJ, Tsui JI, Barry MP, Tung E, Glick SN, Ninburg M, Williams EC. Health care-seeking experiences for people who inject drugs with hepatitis C: Qualitative explorations of stigma. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2021 Dec 7:108684. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108684. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 34911656

Hagan S, Achtmeyer CE, Hood C, Hawkins EJ, Williams EC. Opioid use disorder from poppy seed tea successfully treated with buprenorphine in primary care: a case report. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2021 Dec 3;16(1):71. doi: 10.1186/s13722-021-00280-4. PMCID: PMC8641214.
PMID: 34861895

Hawkins EJ, Malte CA, Gordon AJ, Williams EC, Hagedorn HJ, Drexler K, Blanchard BE, Burden JL, Knoeppel J, Danner AN, Lott A, Liberto JG, Saxon AJ. Accessibility to Medication for Opioid Use Disorder After Interventions to Improve Prescribing Among Nonaddiction Clinics in the US Veterans Health Care System. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Dec 1;4(12):e2137238. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.37238.
PMID: 34870679

McClure JB, Catz SL, Chalal C, Ciuffetelli R, Coggeshall S, DeFaccio RJ, Fleehart S, Heffner JL, Thompson E, Williams EC, Crothers K. Design and methods of a randomized trial testing the novel Wellness Intervention for Smokers Living with HIV (WISH). Contemp Clin Trials. 2021 Nov;110:106486. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106486. Epub 2021 Oct 27.
PMID: 34776121

Beckman KL, Williams EC, Hebert PL, Frost MC, Rubinsky AD, Hawkins EJ, Littman AJ, Lehavot K. Associations Among Military Sexual Trauma, Opioid Use Disorder, and Gender. Am J Prev Med. 2021 Nov 3:S0749-3797(21)00505-5. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.08.020. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 34742619.

Pearson MM, Kim NJ, Berry K, Moon AM, Su F, Vutien P, Green PK, Williams EC, Ioannou GN. Associations Between Alcohol Use and Liver-Related Outcomes in a Large National Cohort of Patients With Cirrhosis. Hepatol Commun. 2021 Oct 3. doi: 10.1002/hep4.1776. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 34601829.

McGinnis KA, Tate JP, Bryant KJ, Justice AC, O'Connor PG, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Crystal S, Cutter CJ, Hansen NB, Maisto SA, Marconi VC, Williams EC, Cook RL, Gordon AJ, Gordon KS, Eyawo O, Edelman EJ, Fiellin DA. Change in Alcohol Use Based on Self-Report and a Quantitative Biomarker, Phosphatidylethanol, in People With HIV. AIDS Behav. 2021 Sep 20. doi: 10.1007/s10461-021-03438-y. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 34542779.

Hawkins EJ, Danner AN, Malte CA, Blanchard BE, Williams EC, Hagedorn HJ, Gordon AJ, Drexler K, Burden JL, Knoeppel J, Lott A, Sayre GG, Midboe AM, Saxon AJ. Clinical leaders and providers' perspectives on delivering medications for the treatment of opioid use disorder in Veteran Affairs' facilities. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2021 Sep 6;16(1):55. doi: 10.1186/s13722-021-00263-5. PMCID: PMC8419813.
PMID: 34488892.

Oster NV, Williams EC, Unger JM, Newcomb PA, deHart MP, Englund JA, Hofstetter AM. A Risk Prediction Model to Identify Newborns at Risk for Missing Early Childhood Vaccinations. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2021 Aug 17:piab073. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piab073. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 34402910.

Tsui JI, Barry MP, Austin EJ, Sweek EW, Tung E, Hansen RN, Ninburg M, Scott JD, Glick SN, Williams EC. 'Treat my whole person, not just my condition': qualitative explorations of hepatitis C care delivery preferences among people who inject drugs. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2021 Aug 12;16(1):52. doi: 10.1186/s13722-021-00260-8. PMCID: PMC8358259.
PMID: 34384494.

Williams EC, Chen JA, Frost MC, Rubinsky AD, Edmonds AT, Glass JE, Lehavot K, Matson TE, Wheat CL, Coggeshall S, Blosnich JR. Receipt of evidence-based alcohol-related care in a national sample of transgender patients with unhealthy alcohol use: Overall and relative to non-transgender patients. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2021 Jul 8:108565. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108565. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 34274175.

Frost MC, Sweek EW, Austin EJ, Corcorran MA, Juarez AM, Frank ND, Prohaska SM, LaKosky PA, Asher AK, Broz D, Jarlais DCD, Williams EC, Glick SN. Program Adaptations to Provide Harm Reduction Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study of Syringe Services Programs in the U.S. AIDS Behav. 2021 Jun 10:1–12. doi: 10.1007/s10461-021-03332-7. Epub ahead of print. PMCID: PMC8190167.
PMID: 34110506.

Hoggatt KJ, Harris AHS, Washington DL, Williams EC. Prevalence of substance use and substance-related disorders among US Veterans Health Administration patients. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 May 31;225:108791. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2021.108791. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 34098384.

Kennedy AJ, McGinnis KA, Merlin JS, Edelman EJ, Gordon AJ, Korthuis PT, Skanderson M, Williams EC, Wyse J, Oldfield B, Bryant K, Justice A, Fiellin DA, Kraemer KL. Impact of intensity of behavioral treatment, with or without medication treatment, for opioid use disorder on HIV outcomes in persons with HIV. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2021 May 29;132:108509. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108509. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 34130128.

Chen J, Cabudol M, Williams EC, Merrill JO, Tsui JI, Klein JW. Perspectives on electronic portal use among patients treated with medications for opioid use disorder in primary care. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2021 Jul;126:108463. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108463. Epub 2021 May 7.
PMID: 34116814.

Naranjo DE, Glass JE, Williams EC. Persons With Debt Burden Are More Likely to Report Suicide Attempt Than Those Without: A National Study of US Adults. J Clin Psychiatry. 2021 Apr 6;82(3):19m13184. doi: 10.4088/JCP.19m13184.
PMID: 33989465.

Richards JE, Hohl SD, Segal CD, Grossman DC, Lee AK, Whiteside U, Luce C, Ludman EJ, Simon G, Penfold RB, Williams EC. "What Will Happen If I Say Yes?" Perspectives on a Standardized Firearm Access Question Among Adults With Depressive Symptoms. Psychiatr Serv. 2021 May 4:appips202000187. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.202000187. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33940947.

Carey CM, Williams EC, Torres VN, Ornelas IJ. Help-Seeking Patterns and Barriers to Care Among Latino Immigrant Men with Unhealthy Alcohol Use. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2021 Apr 8. doi: 10.1007/s40615-021-01039-y. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33834422.

Steel TL, Giovanni SP, Katsandres SC, Cohen SM, Stephenson KB, Murray B, Sobeck H, Hough CL, Bradley KA, Williams EC. Should the CIWA-Ar be the standard monitoring strategy for alcohol withdrawal syndrome in the intensive care unit? Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2021 Mar 24;16(1):21. doi: 10.1186/s13722-021-00226-w. PMCID: PMC7988382.
PMID: 33762020.

Ganguly AP, Lira MC, Lodi S, Forman LS, Colasanti JA, Williams EC, Liebschutz JM, Del Rio C, Samet JH, Tsui JI. Race and satisfaction with pain management among patients with HIV receiving long-term opioid therapy. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Mar 18:108662. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2021.108662. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33775447.

Chen JA, Matson TE, Lehavot K, Raue PJ, Young JP, Silvestrini MC, Fortney JC, Williams EC. Provider Perspectives on Implementing Shared Decision Making for PTSD Treatment in VA Primary Care. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2021 Feb 24. doi: 10.1007/s10488-021-01119-5. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33625623.

Williams EC, Frost MC, Rubinsky AD, Glass JE, Wheat CL, Edmonds AT, Chen JA, Matson TE, Fletcher OV, Lehavot K, Blosnich JR. Patterns of Alcohol Use Among Transgender Patients Receiving Care at the Veterans Health Administration: Overall and Relative to Nontransgender Patients. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Jan;82(1):132-141.
PMID: 33573731.

Satre DD, Levine-Hall T, Sterling SA, Young-Wolff KC, Lam JO, Alexeeff S, Hojilla JC, Williams A, Justice AC, Sterne J, Cavassini M, Bryant KJ, Williams EC, Horberg MA, Volberding P, Weisner C, Silverberg MJ. The relationship of smoking and unhealthy alcohol use to the HIV care continuum among people with HIV in an integrated health care system. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Jan 8;219:108481. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108481. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33429295.

2020

 

Yeung K, Richards J, Goemer E, Lozano P, Lapham G, Williams E, Glass J, Lee A, Achtmeyer C, Caldeiro R, Parrish R, Bradley K. Costs of using evidence-based implementation strategies for behavioral health integration in a large primary care system. Health Serv Res. 2020 Dec;55(6):913-923. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13592. PMCID: PMC7704468.
PMID: 33258127.

Bossick AS, Brown J, Hanna A, Parrish C, Williams EC, Katon JG. Impact of State-Level Reproductive Health Legislation on Access to and Use of Reproductive Health Services and Reproductive Health Outcomes: A Systematic Scoping Review in the Affordable Care Act Era. Womens Health Issues. 2020 Dec 7:S1049-3867(20)30126-2. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2020.11.005. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33303355.

Satre DD, Parthasarathy S, Silverberg MJ, Horberg M, Young-Wolff KC, Williams EC, Volberding P, Campbell CI. Health care utilization and HIV clinical outcomes among newly enrolled patients following Affordable Care Act implementation in a California integrated health system: a longitudinal study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2020 Nov 11;20(1):1030. doi: 10.1186/s12913-020-05856-5. PMCID: PMC7656679.
PMID: 33176760.

Torres VN, Williams EC, Ceballos RM, Donovan DM, Duran B, Ornelas IJ. Participant engagement in a community based participatory research study to reduce alcohol use among Latino immigrant men. Health Educ Res. 2020 Oct 7:cyaa039. doi: 10.1093/her/cyaa039. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33025021.

Frost MC, Blosnich JR, Lehavot K, Chen JA, Rubinsky AD, Glass JE, Williams EC. Disparities in Documented Drug Use Disorders Between Transgender and Cisgender U.S. Veterans Health Administration Patients. J Addict Med. 2020 Nov 25. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000769. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33252409.

McGinnis KA, Skanderson M, Edelman EJ, Gordon AJ, Korthuis PT, Oldfield B, Williams EC, Wyse J, Bryant K, Fiellin DA, Justice AC, Kraemer KL. Impact of behavioral and medication treatment for alcohol use disorder on changes in HIV-related outcomes among patients with HIV: A longitudinal analysis. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Dec 1;217:108272. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108272. Epub 2020 Sep 11. PMCID: PMC7757793.
PMID: 32971391.

Richards JE, Shortreed SM, Simon GE, Penfold RB, Glass JE, Ziebell R, Williams EC. Association Between Patterns of Alcohol Use and Short-Term Risk of Suicide Attempt Among Patients With and Without Reported Suicidal Ideation. J Addict Med. 2020 Sep/Oct;14(5):e160-e169. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000637. PMCID: PMC7483178.
PMID: 32142058.

Edmonds AT, Bensley KM, Hawkins EJ, Williams EC. Geographic differences in receipt of addictions treatment in a national sample of patients with alcohol use disorders from the U.S. Veterans Health Administration. Subst Abus. 2020 Aug 21:1-10. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2020.1803176. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 32821028.

Glass JE, Williams EC, Oh H. Racial/ethnic discrimination and alcohol use disorder severity among United States adults. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Nov 1;216:108203. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108203. Epub 2020 Aug 10.
PMID: 32810836.

Frost MC, Ioannou GN, Tsui JI, Edelman EJ, Weiner BJ, Fletcher OV, Williams EC. Practice facilitation to implement alcohol-related care in Veterans Health Administration liver clinics: a study protocol. Implement Sci Commun. 2020;1(1):68. doi: 10.1186/s43058-020-00062-0. Epub 2020 Jul 31. PMCID: PMC7393339.
PMID: 32835226.

Chen JA, Glass JE, Bensley KMK, Goldberg SB, Lehavot K, Williams EC. Racial/ethnic and gender differences in receipt of brief intervention among patients with unhealthy alcohol use in the U.S. Veterans Health Administration. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2020 Dec;119:108078. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2020.108078. Epub 2020 Jul 15. PMCID: PMC7641963.
PMID: 32736926.

Jacobson IG, Williams EC, Seelig AD, Littman AJ, Maynard CC, Bricker JB, Rull RP, Boyko EJ; Millennium Cohort Study Team. Longitudinal Investigation of Military-specific Factors Associated With Continued Unhealthy Alcohol Use Among a Large US Military Cohort. J Addict Med. 2020 Jul/Aug;14(4):e53-e63. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000596. PMCID: PMC7280069.
PMID: 31821191.

Satre DD, Sarovar V, Leyden W, Hare CB, Catz SL, Bryant KJ, Williams EC, Hojilla JC, Horberg MA, Silverberg MJ. Changes in Days of Unhealthy Alcohol Use and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence, HIV RNA Levels, and Condomless Sex: A Secondary Analysis of Clinical Trial Data. AIDS Behav. 2020 Jun;24(6):1784-1792. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02742-y. PMCID: PMC7406176.
PMID: 31773444.

Edelman EJ, Li Y, Barry D, Brennan Braden J, Crystal S, Kerns RD, Gaither JR, Gordon KS, Manhapra A, Merlin JS, Moore BA, Oldfield BJ, Park LS, Rentsch CT, Skanderson M, Williams EC, Justice AC, Tate JP, Becker WC, Marshall BDL. Trajectories of Self-Reported Opioid Use Among Patients With HIV Engaged in Care: Results From a National Cohort Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2020 May 1;84(1):26-36. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002310. PMCID: PMC7147724.
PMID: 32267658.

Torres VN, Williams EC, Ceballos RM, Donovan DM, Ornelas IJ. Participant Satisfaction and Acceptability of a Culturally Adapted Brief Intervention to Reduce Unhealthy Alcohol Use Among Latino Immigrant Men. Am J Mens Health. 2020 May-Jun;14(3):1557988320925652. doi: 10.1177/1557988320925652. PMCID: PMC7328216.
PMID: 32602803.

Williams EC. Clinical Utility of Routine Alcohol Screening in Large Health Care Systems for Addressing a Leading Epidemic in the US. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 May 1;3(5):e204757. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4757.
PMID: 32401313.

Mancenido A, Williams EC, Hajat A. Examining Psychological Distress Across Intersections of Immigrant Generational Status, Race, Poverty, and Gender. Community Ment Health J. 2020 Oct;56(7):1269-1274. doi: 10.1007/s10597-020-00584-w. Epub 2020 Feb 19.
PMID: 32076903.

Richards JE, Shortreed SM, Simon GE, Penfold RB, Glass JE, Ziebell R, Williams EC. Short-term risk of suicide attempt associated with patterns of patient-reported alcohol use determined by routine AUDIT-C among adults receiving mental healthcare. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2020 Jan-Feb;62:79-86. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2019.12.002. Epub 2019 Dec 18. PMCID: PMC7047881.
PMID: 31874300.

Shahrir S, Crothers K, McGinnis KA, Chan KCG, Baeten JM, Wilson SM, Butt AA, Pisani MA, Baldassarri SR, Justice A, Williams EC. Receipt and predictors of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy among veterans with and without HIV. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Mar-Apr;63(2):118-124. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2020.01.003. Epub 2020 Jan 24. PMCID: PMC7251937.
PMID: 31987807.

Kim NJ, Pearson M, Vutien P, Su F, Moon AM, Berry K, Green PK, Williams EC, Ioannou GN. Alcohol Use and Long-Term Outcomes Among U.S. Veterans Who Received Direct-Acting Antivirals for Hepatitis C Treatment. Hepatol Commun. 2020 Jan 2;4(2):314-324. doi: 10.1002/hep4.1464. PMCID: PMC6996340.
PMID: 32025613.

Lipira L, Rao D, Nevin PE, Kemp CG, Cohn SE, Turan JM, Simoni JM, Andrasik MP, French AL, Unger JM, Heagerty P, Williams EC. Patterns of alcohol use and associated characteristics and HIV-related outcomes among a sample of African-American women living with HIV. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Jan 1;206:107753. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107753. Epub 2019 Nov 20. PMCID: PMC6980681.
PMID: 31785536.

Frost MC, Glass JE, Bradley KA, Williams EC. Documented brief intervention associated with reduced linkage to specialty addictions treatment in a national sample of VA patients with unhealthy alcohol use with and without alcohol use disorders. Addiction. 2020 Apr;115(4):668-678. doi: 10.1111/add.14836. Epub 2019 Dec 11. PMCID: PMC7725424.
PMID: 31642124.

Lehavot K, Beckman KL, Chen JA, Simpson TL, Williams EC. Race/Ethnicity and Sexual Orientation Disparities in Mental Health, Sexism, and Social Support among Women Veterans. Psychol Sex Orientat Gend Divers. 2019;6(3):347-358. doi: 10.1037/sgd0000333. PMC6703561
PMID: 31435497.

2019

 

Frost MC, Glass JE, Bradley KA, Williams EC. Documented brief intervention associated with reduced linkage to specialty addictions treatment in a national sample of VA patients with unhealthy alcohol use with and without alcohol use disorders. Addiction. 2020 Apr;115(4):668-678. doi: 10.1111/add.14836. Epub 2019 Dec 11. PMCID: PMC7725424.
PMID: 31642124.

Oldfield BJ, McGinnis KA, Edelman EJ, Williams EC, Gordon AJ, Akgün K, Crystal S, Fiellin LE, Gaither JR, Goulet JL, Korthuis PT, Marshall BDL, Justice AC, Bryant K, Fiellin DA, Kraemer KL. Predictors of initiation of and retention on medications for alcohol use disorder among people living with and without HIV. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2020 Feb;109:14-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2019.11.002. Epub 2019 Nov 6. PMCID: PMC6982467.
PMID: 31856946.

Williams EC, McGinnis KA, Tate JP, Matson TE, Rubinsky AD, Bobb JF, Lapham GT, Edelman EJ, Catz SL, Satre DD, Bryant KJ, Marshall BDL, Kraemer KL, Bensley KM, Richards JE, Skanderson M, Justice AC, Fiellin DA, Bradley KA. HIV Disease Severity Is Sensitive to Temporal Changes in Alcohol Use: A National Study of VA Patients With HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 Aug 1;81(4):448-455. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002049. PMC6594884
PMID: 30973541.

Lipira L, Williams EC, Huh D, Kemp CG, Nevin PE, Greene P, Unger JM, Heagerty P, French AL, Cohn SE, Turan JM, Mugavero MJ, Simoni JM, Andrasik MP, Rao D. HIV-Related Stigma and Viral Suppression Among African-American Women: Exploring the Mediating Roles of Depression and ART Nonadherence. AIDS Behav. 2019 Aug;23(8):2025-2036. doi: 10.1007/s10461-018-2301-4. PMC6815932
PMID: 30343422.

Rubinsky AD, Chavez LJ, Berger D, Lapham GT, Hawkins EJ, Williams EC, Bradley KA. Utility of routine alcohol screening for monitoring changes in alcohol consumption. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 Aug 1;201:155-160. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.03.010. Epub 2019 May 8. PMC7001877
PMID: 31229703.

Richards JE, Bobb JF, Lee AK, Lapham GT, Williams EC, Glass JE, Ludman EJ, Achtmeyer C, Caldeiro RM, Oliver M, Bradley KA. Integration of screening, assessment, and treatment for cannabis and other drug use disorders in primary care: An evaluation in three pilot sites. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 Aug 1;201:134-141. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.04.015. Epub 2019 Jun 8. PMC6642904
PMID: 31212213.

Richards JE, Hohl SD, Whiteside U, Ludman EJ, Grossman DC, Simon GE, Shortreed SM, Lee AK, Parrish R, Shea M, Caldeiro RM, Penfold RB, Williams EC. If You Listen, I Will Talk: the Experience of Being Asked About Suicidality During Routine Primary Care. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 Oct;34(10):2075-2082. doi: 10.1007/s11606-019-05136-x. Epub 2019 Jul 25. PMC6816586
PMID: 31346911.

Lipira L, Williams EC, Nevin PE, Kemp CG, Cohn SE, Turan JM, Simoni JM, Andrasik MP, French AL, Unger JM, Heagerty P, Rao D. Religiosity, Social Support, and Ethnic Identity: Exploring ""Resilience Resources"" for African-American Women Experiencing HIV-Related Stigma. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 Jun 1;81(2):175-183. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002006. PMC6522297"
PMID: 30865171.

Oster NV, Williams EC, Unger JM, Newcomb PA, Jacobson EN, deHart MP, Englund JA, Hofstetter AM. Sociodemographic, clinical and birth hospitalization characteristics and infant Hepatitis B vaccination in Washington State. Vaccine. 2019 Sep 10;37(38):5738-5744. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.03.050. Epub 2019 Mar 28. PMC6713629
PMID: 30930007.

Hill CM, Williams EC, Ornelas IJ. Help Wanted: Mental Health and Social Stressors Among Latino Day Laborers. Am J Mens Health. 2019 Mar-Apr;13(2):1557988319838424. doi: 10.1177/1557988319838424. PMC6438433
PMID: 30880547.

Williams EC, Matson TE, Harris AHS. Strategies to increase implementation of pharmacotherapy for alcohol use disorders: a structured review of care delivery and implementation interventions. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2019 Feb 12;14(1):6. doi: 10.1186/s13722-019-0134-8. PMC6371480
PMID: 30744686.

Bensley KM, Fortney J, Chan G, Dombrowski JC, Ornelas I, Rubinsky AD, Lapham GT, Glass JE, Williams EC. Differences in Receipt of Alcohol-Related Care Across Rurality Among VA Patients Living With HIV With Unhealthy Alcohol Use. J Rural Health. 2019 Jun;35(3):341-353. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12345. Epub 2019 Jan 31. PMC6639081
PMID: 30703856.

Ogbuagu O, Marshall BDL, Tiberio P, Ogunbajo A, Barakat L, Montgomery M, Almonte A, Wray T, Williams EC, Edelman EJ, Chan PA. Prevalence and Correlates of Unhealthy Alcohol and Drug Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men Prescribed HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis in Real-World Clinical Settings. AIDS Behav. 2019 Jan;23(1):190-200. doi: 10.1007/s10461-018-2260-9. PMC7020905
PMID: 30145707.

Williams EC, McGinnis KA, Edelman EJ, Matson TE, Gordon AJ, Marshall BDL, Bryant KJ, Rubinsky AD, Lapham GT, Satre DD, Richards JE, Catz SL, Fiellin DA, Justice AC, Bradley KA. Level of Alcohol Use Associated with HIV Care Continuum Targets in a National U.S. Sample of Persons Living with HIV Receiving Healthcare. AIDS Behav. 2019 Jan;23(1):140-151. doi: 10.1007/s10461-018-2210-6. PMC6344313
PMID: 29995206.